Excess metals compromise mitochondrial complex functions by reducing the ability to fractionate, or separate out deuterium efficiently which contributes to metabolic crowding. This among other processes interferes with the TCA cycle by slowing or branching it out from catabolic energy producing reactions towards anabolic reductive molecule synthesis pathways.

We are exposed to metals in many ways:

  • Iron fortification, since 1941 and increased by 50% in 1969
  • In medicine (dentistry, imaging, supplements, “functional foods”, and pharmaceuticals like chemotherapy, vaccines and antacids)
  • Water, the process of fluoridation brings along heavy metal contamination
  • Air pollution by industry, car exhaust, geoengineering